Power source, used for fetal growth and development and the process of biological changes that occur in the body that include, the formation of new cells, feeding from mother to baby through the placenta, as well as the formation of enzymes and hormones supporting the growth of the fetus.
Lack of energy consumed in food intake causes the failure to achieve ideal weight gain of pregnant women is around 11-14 kg. To Diet – Shortage will be taken from inventory of proteins that are broken down into energy.
Protein, forming a new network is required as a fetus. Lack of protein intake can affect fetal growth, miscarriage, infant birth weight less, and not optimal growth of body tissues and brain-forming tissues.
Vitamins, are needed to facilitate the biological processes that take place in the mother and fetus. For example, vitamin A is required for growth, vitamins B1 and B2 as a producer of energy, use of vitamin B6 as a regulator of body protein, vitamin B12 helps the smooth formation of red blood cells. To Diet – Vitamin C helps the absorption of iron to prevent anemia, and vitamin D to help calcium absorption.
Minerals, among others:
Calcium, it is used to support the formation of bones and teeth, and joints of the fetus. If pregnant women lack calcium, the calcium needs to be taken from the mother’s calcium reserves in bone. This will result in bone loss or osteoporosis. To that end, the mother needs to consume milk, eggs, cheese, beans, or calcium tablets which can be obtained at check out to the health center or clinic.
To Diet – Iron, is closely related to anemia or deficiency of red blood cells as an adaptation of the physiological changes during pregnancy, caused by:
Increased iron requirements for fetal growth.
Lack of iron intake on the food consumed daily.
The tendency of low iron stores in women, and is unable to supply the iron needs and restore the blood supply is lost due to previous delivery.
To Diet – Pregnant women tend to be affected by anemia in the last three months of pregnancy because during this period, the fetal iron reserves to hoard for himself as the supply of the first month after birth. Handling, first, using drug therapies by providing iron tablets (ferosulfat) 30 – 60 mg per day, depending on the severity of anemia. Secondly, diet therapy by increasing consumption of high-iron foods such as milk, meat and green vegetables – To Diet.